carcass weight of black wildebeest

[15] Males are known to mount other males. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). [26] Each bull has a patch of ground in the centre of his territory in which he regularly drops dung, and in which he performs acts of display. They can also spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms, flies, and paramphistome flukes. There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. Separation of a young calf from its mother can be a major cause of calf mortality. Black Wildebeest Conservation. A single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about 8 and a half months. [32], The gestational period lasts for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is born. [1][11] The black wildebeest was once very numerous and was present in Southern Africa in vast herds, but by the end of the 19th century, it had nearly been hunted to extinction and fewer than 600 animals remained. Live, carcass, leg and muscle weight (kg) as well as dressing percentage were compared between South African Black (Struthio camelus var. National Geographic magazine placed a camera inside a wildebeest carcass on the Serengeti. While some male yearlings stay within the female herd, the others join a bachelor herd. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. However, as a result of massive hunting of the animal for its hide, they vanished from their historical range, and are now largely limited to game farms and protected reserves in Southern Africa. Other physical features include a thick neck, a plain back, and rather small and beady eyes. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. ... meat. A Black Wildebeest has the capacity to thrive in the hot and shade-less open grasslands of South Africa and can graze under the hot sun without seeking any shade. Estes coined the term "challenge ritual" to describe this behaviour for the blue wildebeest, but this is also applicable to the black wildebeest, owing to their close similarity in behavior. [2], Mature bulls, generally more than 4 years old, set up their own territories through which female herds often pass. [14], The black wildebeest is native to southern Africa. Wildebeest are antelopes and belong to the bovidae family […] Black Wildebeest has been almost totally eradicated throughout Africa, as it was perceived as a pest. These bachelor herds move widely in the available habitat and act as a refuge for males that have been unsuccessful as territorial bulls, and also as a reserve for future breeding males. The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest, or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.It is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae, and has a close taxonomic relationship with the black wildebeest.The blue wildebeest is known to have five subspecies. [2], Before the arrival of Europeans in the area, wildebeest roamed widely, probably in relation to the arrival of the rains and the availability of good forage. A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. Then begins the fight, which may be of low intensity (consisting of interlocking the horns and pushing each other in a standing position) or high intensity (consisting of their dropping to their knees and straining against each other powerfully, trying to remain in contact while their foreheads are nearly touching the ground). The 7mm mag or one of the .300 magnums is an even better choice. Male black wildebeest have been reported to mate with female blue wildebeest and vice versa. ... Carcass weight is: less skin, less 'derms', and less hooves and head Page 1 of 4 1 2 3... Last. Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. Of these, the calves are targeted mainly by the hyenas, while lions attack the adults. The average weight for a fully-grown male will typically be from 150 to 180 kg. Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century leading to their number being reduced to just a handful of individuals. The horns have a broad base in mature males, and are flattened to form a protective shield. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. [14], A dominant male black wildebeest has a harem of females and will not allow other males to mate with them. [14], The black wildebeest is particularly susceptible to anthrax, and rare and widely scattered outbreaks have been recorded and have proved deadly. Wildebeest is Dutch for “wild beast” or “wild cattle” in Afrikaans (bees “cattle”), while Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, “beard”, and χαίτη, khaítē, “flowing hair”, “mane”. Where it lives alongside the blue wildebeest, the two species can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the maintenance of the species. If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. During the breeding season, the male loses condition as he spends little time grazing. [26], However, black wildebeest can also affect human beings negatively. It is fed by its lactating mother for 6-8 months, begins nibbling on grass blades at 4 weeks, and remains with the mother until her next calf is born a year later. INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: Also known as the White Tailed Gnu or to some as the "Clowns of Africa", this is mostly due to the way in which they tend to run in circles when … In spite of regional variations, around 80% of the females give birth to their calves within a period of 2-3 weeks after the onset of the rainy season - from mid-November to the end of December. Over the years, the South African authorities have issued stamps displaying the animal and the South African Mint has struck a 5-rand coin with a prancing black wildebeest. During this ritual or afterwards, the two can toss their horns at each other, circle one another, or even look away. [2], Where it lives alongside the blue wildebeest, the two species can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the maintenance of the species. [2] The black wildebeest normally has 13 thoracic vertebrae, though specimens with 14 have been reported, and this species shows a tendency for the thoracic region to become elongated. [9], Features necessary for defending a territory, such as the horns and broad-based skull of the modern black wildebeest, have been found in their fossil ancestors. [24] Repeated outbreaks of mange (scab) have led to large-scale extinctions. [1] The herds are often migratory or nomadic, otherwise they may have regular home ranges of 1 km2 (11,000,000 sq ft). Which one is a better tasting meat for biltong? [6], The black wildebeest is currently included in the same genus as the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). Like the blue wildebeest, the black wildebeest seems to act as a reservoir for the virus and all animals are carriers, being persistently infected, but showing no symptoms. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. The hide makes good quality leather and the flesh is coarse, dry and rather hard. [31] In most reserves, the black wildebeest shares its habitat with the blesbok and the springbok. [36] The silky, flowing tail is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. While small calves stay with their mothers, the older ones form groups of their own within the herd. The blesbok is half the price of the BWB. On its muzzle and under its jaw it has black bristly hair. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. It lives in flocks, which usually counts 10-60 individuals. [19] The presence of fast-twitch fibres and the ability of the muscles to use large amounts of oxygen help explain the rapid running speed of the black wildebeest and its high resistance to fatigue. They also moved from north to south as the sourgrass found north of the Vaal River matured and became unpalatable, the wildebeest only consuming young shoots of sourgrass. [2], The black wildebeest is a gregarious animal with a complex social structure comprising three distinct groups, the female herds consisting of adult females and their young, the bachelor herds consisting only of yearlings and older males, and territorial bulls. Wild individuals can be competitors of commercial livestock and can transmit fatal diseases such as rinderpest, and cause epidemics among animals, particularly domestic cattle. In the past, black wildebeest occurred in the highveld temperate grasslands during the dry winter season and the arid Karoo region during the rains. There are two species of this animal, the Blue Wildebeest, and the Black Wildebeest. The natural populations of black wildebeest, endemic in the southern part of Africa, were almost completely exterminated in the 19th century, due to their reputation as pests and the value of their hides and meat. The pair usually separates after copulation, but the female occasionally follows her mate afterwards, touching his rump with her snout. XLVI. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. 21:31. The Black wildebeest is an unique species of antelope that has a bull’s face, horse’s tail and buck’s leg. Oestrid fly larvae of sheep, goats, springbok and black wildebeest in the Eastern Cape Province", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_wildebeest&oldid=991685506, Taxa named by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 09:06. [5] The common name "gnu" is also said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" by the bull in the mating season. Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses from the point of slaughter until the deboning process, allowing for the determination of possible points of contamination during the slaughter process.Carcasses were sampled at three processing points (skin on, skin off and post chilling) at four different carcass … Female. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. The wildebeest (/ˈwɪldəbiːst/ WIL-də-beest or /ˈvɪl-/ VIL-, plural wildebeest, wildebai, or wildebeests, wildebeesties (juv)), also called the gnu (/nuː/ NOO or /njuː/ NEW) is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. This is usually followed by movements such as standing in a reverse-parallel position, in which one male urinates and the opponent smells and performs flehmen, after which they may reverse the procedure. [31] The herds graze either in line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. [8] The earliest known fossil remains are in sedimentary rock in Cornelia in the Orange Free State and date back about 800,000 years. The length of the tail ranges from 80 to 100 cm (31 to 39 in). Female. [8] This evolution is quite recent on a geologic time scale. Black backed jackal eating dead wildebeest carcass in kgalakgadi; Group of banded mongoose eating from the carcass of a dead wildebeest in the Masai Mara in Kenya, Africa; Hyena scavenges meat from a rotting wildebeest carcass on the banks of the Mara River, Kenya, at sunrise. The black wild… Shrubs can comprise as much as 37% of the diet,[15] but grasses normally form more than 90%. [15] Males typically weigh 140 to 157 kg (309 to 346 lb) and females 110 to 122 kg (243 to 269 lb). Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! They were observed at regular intervals over a period of one year, and with an increase in temperature, the number of wildebeest feeding at night also increased. - This Black Wildebeest exceeds the * … Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses from the point of slaughter until the deboning process, allowing for the determination of possible points of contamination during the slaughter process.Carcasses were sampled at three processing points (skin on, skin off and post chilling) at four different carcass … Our black wildebeest hunting opportunities are mainly in the Free State but because black wildebeest hunting can be done in many of our Provinces we are not limited to only hunting black wildebeest in one Province. The animal is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovida] and was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. 125 to 145 carcass weight on average. [2][34], Though they are not present in their natural habitat in such large numbers today, black wildebeest were at one time the main herbivores in the ecosystem and the main prey item for large predators such as the lion. The silky, flowing tail of the black wildebeest is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. [2] The scent glands secrete a glutinous substance in front of the eyes, under the hair tufts, and on the forefeet. The minimum caliber for black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a .270 with 150-grain bullet. The scientific name of the black wildebeest is Connochaetes gnou. The hairs which compose this are white or cream-coloured with dark tips. There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. [1][14], The black wildebeest is depicted on the coat of arms of the Province of Natal in South Africa. Live Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg Bone: 6-7kg Usable. [3] He based his description on an article written by natural philosopher Jean-Nicolas-Sébastien Allamand in 1776. Now, they are economically important for human beings, as they are a major tourist attraction, as well as providing animal products such as leather and meat. The meat of females is more tender than that of males, and is the most tender during the autumn season. The wildebeest is an African ungulate that is commonly known as ‘Gnu.’ It is predominantly found in Eastern and Southern Africa. Wildebeest provide several useful animal products. [2] They breed only once in a year. The breeding season occurs at the end of the rainy season and lasts a few weeks between February and April. Sexual behaviour by the male at this time includes stretching low, ears down, sniffing of the female's vulva, performing ritual urination, and touching his chin to the female's rump. Wildebeest are killed for food, especially to make biltongin Southern Africa. The species has also been introduced outside its natural range in Namibia and Kenya. They never made such extensive migrations as the blue wildebeest, but at one time, they crossed the Drakensberg Range, moving eastwards in autumn, searching for good pastures. [17], Male black wildebeest reach sexual maturity at the age of three years, but may mature at a younger age in captivity. [2], The black wildebeest is known to hybridise with its taxonomically close relative, the blue wildebeest. A study of the animal in Karroid Mountainveld (Eastern Cape Province, South Africa) revealed the presence of all the larval stages of the nasal bot flies Oestrus variolosus and Gedoelstia hässleri. [4] The specific name gnou originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, gnou. [33] Seasonal breeding has also been reported among wildebeest in captivity in European zoos. Louw C. Hoffman, Sunet van Schalkwyk, Nina Muller, Effect of Season and Gender on the Physical and Chemical Composition of Black Wildebeest ( Connochaetus gnou ) Meat , South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 10.3957/056.039.0208, 39, 2, (170-174), (2009). Water is an essential requirement. [2] These herds have a social hierarchy,[2] and the females are rather aggressive towards others trying to join the group. The average weight of black wildebeest ranges between 110-180 kg (240-400 lbs) and the average head-body length is between 170-220 (67-87 inches). [1], More than 18,000 individuals are now believed to remain, 7,000 of which are in Namibia, outside their natural range, and where they are farmed. The average weight of Black Wildebeest ranges between 110 and 180 kg (240-400 lb) and the average head-body length is between 170 and 220 cm (67-87 inches). Wildebeest are a regular target for illegal meat hunters because their numbers make them easy to find. Around 80% of the wildebeest occurs in private areas, while the other 20% is confined in protected areas. The haematocrit and haemoglobin content decreases till 20-30 days after birth. Black Wildebeest, Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa, Blue wildebeests (image) are known for their migration. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. [26] Female herds roam in home ranges around 250 acres (100 ha; 0.39 sq mi) in size. [18] The erythrocyte count is high at birth and increases till the age of 2-3 months, while in contrast, the leucocyte count is low at birth and falls throughout the animal's life. Twin births have not been reported. It also has long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its belly. Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. Females in labour do not move away from the female herd and repeatedly lie down and get up again. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). The black wildebeest is typically between 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the average weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Within seconds, nature took its course and vultures descended to rip apart the corpse. Males are slightly larger and darker in coloration than females and can weigh upwards 600 pounds and stand 4-5 feet tall. [2] Another difference between the female and bachelor herds is the lesser aggression on the part of the males. Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to extinction in the 19th century. Blesbok vs Black Wildebeest So Im going hunting in May in the Free State and will be shooting 1 springbok plus either a blesbok or a BWB (black). The primary breeding season for the black wildebeest is from February to April. The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Females are known to weigh as much as 550 pounds. These include urinating, scraping, pawing, and rolling on the ground and thumping it with his horns - all of which demonstrate his prowess to other bulls. Black Wildebeests can run at a terrific speed of up to 80 km/hr (50 mph) and possess a good resistance to fatigue. It also has a dark brown to black coat and long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its belly. [26] Wildebeest meat is dried to make biltong, an important part of South African cuisine. A large and distinctive antelope, the black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) is the southernmost species of its genus.Its northern relative, the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), is well known for its spectacular migrations, but the remaining black wildebeest populations no longer migrate.The black wildebeest is a dark brown- to black-bodied antelope with an erect mane. [12] Another study reported an increase in the size of the hybrid as compared to either of its parents. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. These guys are tough, so always use heavy-for-caliber premium bullets. Then they returned to the highvelds in the spring and moved towards the west, where sweet potato and Karoo vegetation were abundant. Female. The common name of this species "gnu" is said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" made by the male during the mating season. Wildebeest are antelopes and belong to the bovidae family […] Threat displays such as shaking the head may also take place. [2], The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). When one of his females comes into estrus, the male concentrates on her and mates with her several times. The estimated price for wildebeest meat was about US$0.47 per 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) around 2008. Males are darker than females. These later develop into horns, which reach a length of 200–250 mm (8–10 in) by the fifth month and are well developed by the eighth month. Aerial view of black wildebeest running in grassland, South Africa, Black wildebeests drinking from a water hole in South Africa, Head-body length: 170-220 cm (67-87 inches), "Black wildebeests are extremely fast runners with their maximum running speed being 80 km/hr (50 mph)", "Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century", Disclaimer, Terms of Use & Privacy Policy. This is a net of 72 dressed weight with only 57 of the original live weight becoming retail cuts. [21] Ataxia related to myelopathy and low copper concentrations in the liver have also been seen in the black wildebeest. Blue Wildebeest: Male. The neutrophil count is high at all ages. Large herds often get divided into smaller groups. The altitudes in these areas vary from 1,350–2,150 m (4,430–7,050 ft). Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. The population is now trending upward (particularly on private land) and for this reason the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in its Red List of Threatened Species, rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". [2] Now, almost all black wildebeest are in reserves or on farms, and the extent of their movements is limited. Blue Wildebeest: Male. [10] Fossils have also been reported from the Vaal River deposits, though whether or not they are as ancient as those found in Cornelia is unclear. Live Weight: 70-75kg Carcass Weight: 35-38kg Bone: 5-8kg Usable Meat: 30kg. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. [26] The animals can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). Some sources claim the name “gnu” originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, t’gnu… [2] The bulls approach each other with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position (sometimes actually grazing). It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. Origin: Africa Horn Size: Up to 31 inches Weight: 243-400 pounds Estimated World Population: 18,000 The Black Wildebeest may not be the prettiest, but it is one of … The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. [2] An encounter between two bulls involves elaborate rituals. Jump to … [2] The black wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. [14], Both sexes have strong horns that curve forward, resembling hooks, which are up to 78 cm (31 in) long. At the same time, the female keeps her tail upwards (sometimes vertically) or swishes it across the face of the male. Hunting black wildebeest in open terrain calls for a minimum of .270 caliber with a good 150-grain bullet. The meat of females is more tender than that of males, and is at its best during the autumn season. I wont shoot 2 blesboks instead of BWB. [29] Water is essential,[30] though they can exist without drinking water every day. However, the species has been reintroduced widely from captive specimens, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho, Swaziland, and South Africa.

Traeger Timberline 850 Vs 1300, Argyll And Bute Council Jobs Dunoon, Calibrachoa Annual Or Perennial, Haribo Chamallows Gelatine, Baltimore Apartments For Sale, Palm Beach State College Jobs, Can A Lynx Kill You,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.