climatic zones of pakistan pdf

Temperature. The Environment and Climate Change Outlook of Pakistan is a review of the environmental conditions, the impacts of climate change and the status of national response to the changing situation in the country. In this paper, the study was conducted across the country to assess the rainfall trend in different climate zones of Pakistan over the past three decades. 60% rH ± 5% rH. Introduction: The total area of Pakistan is 79.6 Million hectares and the cultivated area is about 27% and out of this 27% the 80% area is irrigated. On a global scale, Pakistan ranks 135th in per capita GHG emissions in the world. ISBN 978-0-8213-9874-6 — ISBN 978-0-8213-9875-3 (electronic) 1. Zone II. Based on floristic composition and importance value, 24 different communities and 4 monospecific forest vegetations were recognized. Zone I. Pakistan is the second largest country in South Asia and mainly comprises dry or cold areas with low production potential. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES of Punjab PAKISTAN 2019 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2019 By: A. Ahmad, M.R. Description. The ˚˛˝˛ fl ood killed ˝,˙˛˛ people and caused around ˆ˝˛ billion in damage. Plants having specific climatic requirements are found in widely separated areas with similar environmental conditions, as for example, plants of arctic regions are also found in alpine zone of … hence it is crucial to know the storage conditions. This location is classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger. The Indus Valley ecoregion is the only one that lies entirely in Pakistan while the rest are shared with its neighbors such as India and Nepal.. Ecological Regions Of Pakistan Climate ranges from mild winters and hot, dry summers in the north to semi-arid and arid zones in the west and the south. Akhlaq et al. […] Zone IVb. 32 individual meteorological stations of Pakistan by using the 1931-60 normal climatic data maintained by the Pakistan Meteorological Department by taking into account the Köppen, Trewartha and Thornthwaite climate classification systems. Minimum Duration. The ˚˛˝ˇ Karachi heat wave led to the death of more than ˝,˚˛˛ people. Islamabad climate summary The Islamabad lies on 545m above sea level In Islamabad, the climate is warm and temperate. 12 Months. Pakistan’s greenhouse gases emissions have doubled in last 2 decades. agro-climatic zones in Pakistan. Refrigerated. The highest point in Pakistan is K-2 Mountain, which is 8611m above Sea Level and Pakistan has the Deepest Level that is 6500m. Climate refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long period of time (more than thirty years). Its objective is to provide a general evaluation of the quality of environment and emerging sustainable development trends in the country. Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. A cool, dry winter runs from December to February. given the different climatic conditions in the world, climatic zones are defined and classified. stability studies give the shelf life of the drug or the product. This study reveals that almost 87% of Pakistan is in extremely arid to semi‐arid zones, a 5% decrease in over the last 30 years (1981–2010). Khan, S.H.H Shah, M.A. Pakistan’s climate ranges from tropical to temperate. 12 Months. Situated in South Asia, Pakistan’s ecoregions are home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Chaudhry and Rasul, 2004 did the Agro-climatic classification of Pakistan by applying a modified Thornthwaite 2. Pakistan has a varied topography that consists of the flat, Indus plain in the east and the Balochistan plateau in the west. A threefold increase in food crop production during the past thirty years has been made possible by a thirteenfold increase in fertilizer use. Annual Weather Averages Near Mansehra. Definition and storage conditions for the four climatic zones Climatic zone Definition Storage condition I II III IV temperate climate subtropical and Mediterranean climates hot, dry climate hot, humid climate 21°C/45% r.h. 25°C/60% r.h. 30°C/35% r.h. 30°C/70% r.h. 1. Arid regions are highly vulnerable and sensitive to drought. by studying about the climate of India. Pakistan has drafted its National Climate Change Policy in 2012. Spring from March to May is hot and dry. Observational data of precipitation and evapotranspiration were used to determine the agro‐climatic zone during the period 1951–2010. Major Climatic Regions of the world. In the coastal south you’ll find arid conditions. Pakistan is agriculture country about 66% people of Pakistan depend on agriculture, Pakistan lies b/w latitudes 24-37 N and longitudes 61-76 E, If we talking about climate … 45% rH ± 5% rH. 30ºC ± 2ºC. The agriculture sector is the victim of abrupt climate change in a country. However, after the 18 th amendment in the constitution of Pakistan, the subject of Environment was devolved to the Provinces. Unpredictable climate remains dominant over long periods. 65% rH ± 5% rH. The crops cultivated in arid zones are at high risk due to the high evapotranspiration and water demands. p. cm. 12 Months. The elements of weather and climate … Ladakh, large area of the northern and eastern Kashmir region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent and one of the highest regions of the world. Geography and Climate of Pakistan . The summers are much rainier than the winters in Islamabad. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Climate Zones. Climate. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N). 1 Climate change and r unoff contribution by hydrological zones of cryosphere catchment of Indus River, Pakistan Kashif Jamal 1,2, Shakil Ahma d4, Xin Li 1,3, Muhammad Rizwan 1,2, Hongyi Li 1,2, Jiao jiao Feng 1,2 1Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Science, Northwest Institute of Eco -Environment and Resources, Chinese 5 Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, China Administratively, Ladakh is divided between Pakistan (northwest) and India (southeast); in addition, China administers portions of northeastern Ladakh. 65-70% of country’s population is … Averages are for Balakot, which is 10 miles from Mansehra. Pakistan does have a monsoon season with adequate rainfall, and a dry season with less rainfall. Weather refers to the state of the atmospher e over an area at any point of time. Climate data and weather averages in Mansehra. Pakistan has a population of over 150 million people, growing at an annual rate of 2 percent, with almost a third living below the poverty level. 30ºC ± 2ºC. 25ºC ± 2ºC. 21ºC ± 2ºC. : Species diversity and vegetation structure from different climatic zones of Tehsil Harighel, Bagh, Azad Kasmir, Pakistan analysed through multivariate techniques - 5193 - APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 16(4): 5193-5211. 12 Months. Geological Survey of Pakistan. The climate is different in all the countries in the world. Zone III. climatic zones of Himalayan forests of Pakistan. For this purpose dataset comprising 30 years for the period 1976 to 2005 were acquired from 30 Stability studies of the pharmaceutical drug should be done according to the climatic conditions of the country. These are: Dry tropical forest vegetation Dry sub-tropical sub-mountainous vegetation Dry Temperate forests vegetation Moist temperature forest vegetation Sub –Alpine and Alpine vegetation Dry Tropical Forest Vegetation 12 Months. CLIMATE CHANGE PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Climate Change Profi le of Pakistan Catastrophic fl oods, droughts, and cyclones have plagued Pakistan in recent years. According to the ICH guidelines for stability studies, the climate of the world is divided into five different zones. You may also read the Total Area of Pakistan, that is 796,096KM and Longitude and Latitude as well. The vegetation in Pakistan is divided into five categories on the basis of climate, altitude and plant types. Geography varies across the country, shaping the great variation in the country’s climate. In history, they learn about Pakistan’s rich heritage and cultural influences, and about the events which have shaped national identity, from the decline of Mughal power up to 1999. About Pakistan Studies : History (2059/01) : The Cambridge O Level Pakistan Studies syllabus introduces learners to the history, culture, geography, environment and development of Pakistan. 35% rH ± 5% rH. Humidity. The average annual temperature is 21.3 °C | … 75% rH ± 5% rH. 30ºC ± 2ºC. The Indus Basin of Pakistan : the impacts of climate risks on water and agriculture / Winston Yu, Yi-Chen Yang, Andre Savitsky, Donald Alford, Casey Brown, James Wescoat, Dario Debowicz, and Sherman Robinson. Pakistan Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Physically Pakistan is divided into 4 provinces, those are Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. (iii) The climate may also be a factor for discontinuity in distribution of species. it also outlines the storage condition for the drug substance. The major climatic regions of the world are discussed below: 1. Climatic changes—Pakistan. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Factors that influence climate work 1, Weather and climate, Exploring world climate zones, Weather climate, Work 1 what i know about climate zones, Teaching notes, Weather and climate work, Climates climate zones. In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. Pakistan map of Köppen climate classification. In addition, the Karakoram Range, one of the world's highest mountain ranges, is in the north and northwest part of the country. introduction. Includes bibliographical references. Climatic Zone. Summer from June to September is rainy. Zone IV. Pakistan has three seasons: winter (November to March) is warm and cooled by sea breezes on the coast; summer (April to July) has extreme temperatures and the monsoon season (July to … Equatorial Climatic Region (10 0 N to 10 0 S). The framework project was designed to produce a wide-ranging geologic data base for the coal-producing areas in the Potwar area of northern Pakistan and will, the authors hope, serve as a model for other multi-disciplinary geologic studies in Pakistan. The study estimated the Palfai drought index by using metrological data of 50 weather stations over the period of 1981-2010. The following eight

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